Thayambaka is a type of solo chenda performance that developed in the south Indian state of Kerala.The main player at the centre chenda and ilathalam players around.
performance of thayambaka
A thayambaka performance on the chenda has focused on the stick-and-palm rolls produced on the itantala of the chenda, while the rhythm is laid by his fellow instrumentalists on the valanthala chendas and ilatalam . Thayambaka, believed to have flourished during the feudal era, spans an average of 90 minutes. It begins at a slow pace before scaling on to a medium tempo and eventually culminating in high, frenzied speed. It has a skeletal pattern on which the performance progresses, but the main performer has the liberty to improvise and innovate to showcase his grip of rhythm, finesse of techniques and cerebral brilliance. In fact, is one chenda concert that allows maximum individual freedom to the main player.
Over the past half a century or so, there have also been performances with more than one main player. If they are total two, it is double ; and if they are three, it is triple Rarely, there is also the pancha thayambaka, featuring five main chenda players in a row.
Leading Masters of Thayambaka
today has its masters ranging from veterans to youngsters. To name a few, they include pallasana chandramannadiar Sadanam Vasudevan, Kalloor Ramankutty Marar, Pallassana Ponnukutta Marar, Kalamandalam Balaraman, Mattannur Sankarankutty Marar,Mattannur Srikanth-Sriraj, emotional support animal Cherpulassery Rajesh, Jayan and Vijayan, Arangottukara Sivan, Kanhangad (Madiyan Kovilakam) Radhakrishna Marar ,chovallur mohana variar and chemmenthitta ratheesh,manarkkad hari-mohan,iringappram babu,chowallur mohan-sunil,guruvayur kamalnath.
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The late masters of the modern age, say from the 1950s, include Malamakkavu Kesava- Rama- Shankunni Poduval, Pallassana Padmanabhan-Kunhiraman Marar ( Melapramani at Thiruvangadu Sriramaswamy temple), Thiyyadi (Narayanan) Nambiar, Thrithala Kunhikrishna Poduval, Pallavur Appu Marar, , Nileswaram Balakrishna Marar and Sadanam Divakaran. Pallavur maniyan-kunjukuttan,mankurissi appa marar.